• Trusted Computing Trusted Computing

    Trusted Computing is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group. The term is taken from the field of trusted systems and has a specia...

  • Time shifting Time shifting

    In broadcasting, time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to after the live broadcasting. Typically, this r...

  • Threshold of originality Threshold of originality

    The threshold of originality is a concept in copyright law that is used to assess whether a particular work can be copyrighted. It is used to distinguish wor...

  • Sound recording copyright symbol Sound recording copyright symbol

    The sound recording copyright symbol, represented by the graphic symbol ℗, is the copyright symbol used to provide notice of copyright in a sound recording e...

  • Software copyright Software copyright

    Software copyright is the application of copyright law to machine-readable software. While many of the legal principles and policy debates concerning softwar...

  • Semantic Copyright Semantic Copyright

    Semantic Copyright is a technological system that provides semantic information of intellectual property rights of works in digital format, which identifies ...

  • Screener (promotional) Screener (promotional)

    A screener is an advance screening of a film or television series sent to critics, awards voters, video stores, and other film industry professionals, includ...

  • Ripping Ripping

    Ripping is extracting all or parts of digital contents from a container. Originally it meant to rip music out of Amiga games. Later the term was used to extr...

  • Right to quote Right to quote

    Right to quote or right of quotation or quotation right is one of the copyright exceptions provided by the Berne Convention, article 10: "It shall be permiss...

  • Copyright on religious works Copyright on religious works

    In regards to copyright on religious works, it is not always clear who the rightholder is. Under the provisions of the Berne Convention, copyright is granted...

  • R5 (bootleg) R5 (bootleg)

    R5, in the film business, is a DVD of a movie sold in Russia very soon after the first screening in cinema, at reduced wholesale prices. It is made with a te...

  • Publication right Publication right

    Publication right is a type of copyright granted to the publisher who first publishes a previously unpublished work after that works original copyright has e...

  • Private copying levy Private copying levy

    A private copying levy is a government-mandated scheme in which a special tax or levy is charged on purchases of recordable media. Such taxes are in place in...

  • Poor man's copyright Poor man's copyright

    Poor mans copyright is a method of using registered dating by the postal service, a notary public or other highly trusted source to date intellectual propert...

  • Place shifting Place shifting

    Space shifting, also known as place shifting, allows media, such as music or films, which are stored on one device, to be accessed from another place through...

  • Phonorecord Phonorecord

    A phonorecord is defined by the United States Copyright Act of 1976 to be a material object that embodies sounds, for example cassette tapes, CDs or albums. ...

  • Parliamentary copyright Parliamentary copyright

    See Template:Non-free Parliamentary copyright for Wikipedias image licensing tag. Parliamentary copyright was first created in the United Kingdom by the Copy...

  • Copyright of official texts Copyright of official texts

    Official texts, as defined in Article 2 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, are texts of a legislative, administrative...

  • National Portrait Gallery and Wikimedia Foundation copyright dispute National Portrait Gallery and Wikimedia Foundation copyright dispute

    In July 2009, lawyers representing the National Portrait Gallery of London sent an email letter warning of possible legal action for alleged copyright infrin...

  • Copyright misuse Copyright misuse

    Copyright misuse is an equitable defence to copyright infringement in the United States based upon the doctrine of unclean hands. The misuse doctrine provide...

  • Legal deposit Legal deposit

    Legal deposit is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library. The requirement is mostly...

  • Labor theory of copyright Labor theory of copyright

    The labor theory of copyright, also known as the natural rights theory, is one of the most prominent theories of copyright, among others like the personality...

  • M. E. Hart M. E. Hart

    M.E. Hart is an attorney who is best known for his role as" MC Double Def DP” in the Software Publishers Association anti-piracy video, Dont Copy That Floppy...

  • GNU Project GNU Project

    The GNU Project) is a free software, mass collaboration project that Richard Stallman announced on September 27, 1983. Its goal is to give computer users fre...

  • Geo-blocking Geo-blocking

    Geo-blocking or geoblocking is technology that restricts access to Internet content based upon the users geographical location. In a geo-blocking scheme, the...

  • Format shifting Format shifting

    Format shifting is the conversion of media files into different file format or Data compression. This may be required to play the media on different devices,...

  • Copyright formalities Copyright formalities

    Copyright formalities are legal requirements needed to obtain a copyright in a particular jurisdiction. Common copyright formalities include copyright regist...

  • File copying File copying

    In digital file management, file copying is the creation of a new file which has the same content as an existing file. Computer operating systems include fil...

  • Fashion design copyright Fashion design copyright

    Although elements of fashion design copyright may be traced in Europe to as early as the 15th century, as of 2016 most countries fashion design does not have...

  • Fair dealing Fair dealing

    Fair dealing is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work. Fair dealing is found in many of...

  • DIY Kindle Scanner DIY Kindle Scanner

    The DIY Kindle Scanner, or Do It Yourself Kindle Scanner, is a robotic device made from Lego Mindstorms which was designed and built by Peter Purgathofer fro...

  • Digital rights management Digital rights management

    Digital rights management tools or technological protection measures are a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware...

  • Derivative work Derivative work

    In copyright law, a derivative work is an expressive creation that includes major copyrightable elements of an original, previously created first work. The d...

  • De minimis De minimis

    De minimis is a Latin expression meaning "about minimal things", normally in the terms de minimis non curat praetor or de minimis non curat lex, a legal doct...

  • Criticism of copyright Criticism of copyright

    Criticism of copyright, perhaps outright anti-copyright sentiment, is a dissenting view of the current state of copyright law or copyright as a concept. Crit...

  • Creator ownership in comics Creator ownership in comics

    Creator ownership in comics is an arrangement in which the comic book creator retains full ownership of the material, regardless of whether the work is self-...

  • Copyzero Copyzero

    Copyzero is a mechanism of protection of works by means of a qualified digital signature and a time mark. This mechanism lies in converting the work into dig...

  • Copyright symbol Copyright symbol

    The copyright symbol, or copyright sign, ©, is the symbol used in copyright notices for works other than sound recordings. The use of the symbol is described...

  • Copyright registration Copyright registration

    The purpose of copyright registration is to place on record a verifiable account of the date and content of the work in question, so that in the event of a l...

  • Copyright on the content of patents and in the context of patent prosecution Copyright on the content of patents and in the context of patent prosecution

    The copyright status of the content of patent applications and patents may vary from one legal system to another. Whether scientific literature can be freely...

  • Copyright Evidence Copyright Evidence

    Copyright Evidence is an English language wiki encyclopedia of empirical studies on copyright. It categorises legal studies on copyright so as to inform the ...

  • Commercial use of copyleft works Commercial use of copyleft works

    Commercial advantage of copyleft works differs from traditional commercial advantage of Intellectual Property Rights. The economic focus tends to be on monet...

  • Cam (bootleg) Cam (bootleg)

    A cam is a bootleg recording of a film. Generally unlike the more common DVD rip or screener recording methods which involve the duplication of officially di...

  • CAE number CAE number

    In musical rights management, the CAE number was previously used to identify rights holders. The acronym "CAE" was devised by the national society of Switzer...

  • Authors' rights Authors' rights

    Authors rights is a term frequently used in connection with laws about intellectual property. The term is considered as a direct translation of the French te...

  • Australian Libraries Copyright Committee Australian Libraries Copyright Committee

    The Australian Libraries Copyright Committee is an Australian organisation dealing with copyright law. It has a particular focus with relevance for the GLAM ...

  • Australian Copyright Council Australian Copyright Council

    The council consists the following 23 members: National Association for the Visual Arts Australian Screen Directors Authorship Collecting Society Australian ...

  • Attribution (copyright) Attribution (copyright)

    Attribution, in copyright law, is acknowledgement as credit to the copyright holder or author of a work. If a work is under copyright, there is a long tradit...

  • Anti-copyright notice Anti-copyright notice

    An anti-copyright notice is a specific statement that is added to a work in order to encourage wide distribution. Such notices are legally required to host s...

  • All rights reserved All rights reserved

    All rights reserved is a copyright formality indicating that the copyright holder reserves, or holds for its own use, all the rights provided by copyright la...

Copyright law

attribution. Copyrights can be granted by public law and are in that case considered territorial rights This means that copyrights granted by the law of a
The copyright law of the United States is intended to encourage the creation of art and culture by rewarding authors and artists with a set of exclusive
first colonial copyright statute in 1832 but was subject to imperial copyright law established by Britain until 1921. Current copyright law was established
The Copyright Act 1957 as amended by the Copyright Amendment Act 2012 governs the subject of copyright law in India. The Act is applicable from 21 January
Copyright law in Azerbaijan governs copyright in Azerbaijan. The status of copyright law and its protection is regulated by the Law of the Republic of
The copyright law of Australia defines the legally enforceable rights of creators of creative and artistic works under Australian law The scope of copyright
Copyright in the Netherlands is governed by the Dutch Copyright Law called Auteurswet copyright auteursrecht in Dutch is the exclusive right of the
The copyright law of the European Union is the copyright law applicable within the European Union. Copyright law is largely harmonized in the Union, although
Copyright law of Ireland is applicable to most typical copyright situations films, sound recordings books etc. Protection expires 70 years after the
Japanese copyright laws 著作権法, Chosakukenhō consist of two parts: Author s Rights and Neighbouring Rights As such, copyright is a convenient collective
The copyright law of New Zealand is covered by the Copyright Act 1994 and subsequent amendments. It is administered by Business Law Policy Unit of the

The Copyright law of the Soviet Union went through several major revisions during its existence. The first Socialist copyright law was passed in 1925.
Copyright law in Hong Kong to a great extent follows the English model. The Basic Law of Hong Kong, its constitutional document, guarantees a high degree
Under the law of United Kingdom, a copyright is an intangible property right subsisting in certain qualifying subject - matter. Copyright law is governed
Polish copyright law is regulated by the act from 1994. The first Polish copyright law act has been enacted in 1926 although copyright issues have been
similar to the French copyright law instead of the concept of copyright used in common law jurisdictions. The current copyright law of Switzerland is the
copyright law in Pakistan is the Copyright Ordinance, 1962 as amended by the Copyright Amendment Ordinance, 2000. According to section 10 copyright
basic copyright law of Argentina is Law No. 11.723 of September 28, 1933, on Legal Intellectual Property Regime Copyright Law as last amended by Law No
The current Copyright law of the Russian Federation is codified in part IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. It entered in force on January
The Jordanian Copyright Law and its Amendment No. 22 for the year 1992 is based on the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic

and in 1857, a general copyright term of fifty years was instituted. The copyright law of 1911 was inspired by Western laws of the continental European
Egyptian copyright law has evolved over time. The currently applicable legislation in Egypt with regard to copyright is Book Three of the Law on the Protection
The copyright laws in Greece are part of the frame of laws which are constantly being adapted to the guidelines of the European Union. The enforcement
Turkish copyright law is documented in the law number 5846 on Intellectual and Artistic Works Turkish: Fikir ve Sanat Eserleri Kanunu Turkey is revising
The droit d auteur or French copyright law developed in the 18th century at the same time as copyright developed in the United Kingdom. Based on the
territories were still primarily agrarian. Copyright law was absent and not enforceable. Prussia introduced a copyright law rather late, in 1837, but even then
The Serbian copyright act Serbian: Закон о ауторском и сродним правима was published as the copyright act of Serbia and Montenegro on 24 December 2004
Spanish copyright law governs copyright Spanish: derechos de autor that is the rights of authors of literary, artistic or scientific works, in Spain
issues of concern to copyright in various jurisdictions. Some of these cases are leading English cases as the law of copyright in various Commonwealth
Crown copyright is a form of copyright claim used by the governments of a number of Commonwealth realms. It provides special copyright rules for the Crown

All rights reserved

All rights reserved is a copyright formality indicating that the copyright holder reserves, or holds for its own use, all the rights provided by copyright la...

Anti-copyright notice

An anti-copyright notice is a specific statement that is added to a work in order to encourage wide distribution. Such notices are legally required to host s...

Attribution (copyright)

Attribution, in copyright law, is acknowledgement as credit to the copyright holder or author of a work. If a work is under copyright, there is a long tradit...

Australian Copyright Council

The council consists the following 23 members: National Association for the Visual Arts Australian Screen Directors Authorship Collecting Society Australian ...

Australian Libraries Copyright Committee

The Australian Libraries Copyright Committee is an Australian organisation dealing with copyright law. It has a particular focus with relevance for the GLAM ...

Authors' rights

Authors rights is a term frequently used in connection with laws about intellectual property. The term is considered as a direct translation of the French te...

Berne three-step test

The Berne three-step test is a clause that is included in several international treaties on intellectual property. Signatories of those treaties agree to sta...

CAE number

In musical rights management, the CAE number was previously used to identify rights holders. The acronym "CAE" was devised by the national society of Switzer...

Cam (bootleg)

A cam is a bootleg recording of a film. Generally unlike the more common DVD rip or screener recording methods which involve the duplication of officially di...

Commercial use of copyleft works

Commercial advantage of copyleft works differs from traditional commercial advantage of Intellectual Property Rights. The economic focus tends to be on monet...

Common law copyright

Common law copyright is the legal doctrine which grants copyright protection based on common law of various jurisdictions, rather than through protection of ...

Copyright and video games

Copyright is a protection of intellectual property that give exclusive right to the author of a creative work. A video game may be protected as a creative wo...

Copyright Evidence

Copyright Evidence is an English language wiki encyclopedia of empirical studies on copyright. It categorises legal studies on copyright so as to inform the ...

Copyright on the content of patents and in the context of patent prosecution

The copyright status of the content of patent applications and patents may vary from one legal system to another. Whether scientific literature can be freely...

Copyright registration

The purpose of copyright registration is to place on record a verifiable account of the date and content of the work in question, so that in the event of a l...

Copyright status of The Wizard of Oz and related works in the United States

The copyright status of The Wizard of Oz and related works is complicated for several reasons. The book series is very long-running, and written by multiple ...

Copyright symbol

The copyright symbol, or copyright sign, ©, is the symbol used in copyright notices for works other than sound recordings. The use of the symbol is described...

Copyzero

Copyzero is a mechanism of protection of works by means of a qualified digital signature and a time mark. This mechanism lies in converting the work into dig...

Creator ownership in comics

Creator ownership in comics is an arrangement in which the comic book creator retains full ownership of the material, regardless of whether the work is self-...

Criminal remedies for copyright infringement

Remedies for copyright infringement in the United States can be either civil or criminal in nature. Criminal remedies for copyright infringement prevent the ...

Criticism of copyright

Criticism of copyright, perhaps outright anti-copyright sentiment, is a dissenting view of the current state of copyright law or copyright as a concept. Crit...

De minimis

De minimis is a Latin expression meaning "about minimal things", normally in the terms de minimis non curat praetor or de minimis non curat lex, a legal doct...

Derivative work

In copyright law, a derivative work is an expressive creation that includes major copyrightable elements of an original, previously created first work. The d...

Digital rights management

Digital rights management tools or technological protection measures are a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware...

DIY Kindle Scanner

The DIY Kindle Scanner, or Do It Yourself Kindle Scanner, is a robotic device made from Lego Mindstorms which was designed and built by Peter Purgathofer fro...

Fair dealing

Fair dealing is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work. Fair dealing is found in many of...

Legal issues with fan fiction

Significant amounts of copyrightable creative works such as motion pictures, television programs, music, and computer gaming works are produced in the United...

Fashion design copyright

Although elements of fashion design copyright may be traced in Europe to as early as the 15th century, as of 2016 most countries fashion design does not have...

File copying

In digital file management, file copying is the creation of a new file which has the same content as an existing file. Computer operating systems include fil...

Copyright formalities

Copyright formalities are legal requirements needed to obtain a copyright in a particular jurisdiction. Common copyright formalities include copyright regist...

Format shifting

Format shifting is the conversion of media files into different file format or Data compression. This may be required to play the media on different devices,...

Geo-blocking

Geo-blocking or geoblocking is technology that restricts access to Internet content based upon the users geographical location. In a geo-blocking scheme, the...

GNU Project

The GNU Project) is a free software, mass collaboration project that Richard Stallman announced on September 27, 1983. Its goal is to give computer users fre...

M. E. Hart

M.E. Hart is an attorney who is best known for his role as" MC Double Def DP” in the Software Publishers Association anti-piracy video, Dont Copy That Floppy...

Labor theory of copyright

The labor theory of copyright, also known as the natural rights theory, is one of the most prominent theories of copyright, among others like the personality...

Legal deposit

Legal deposit is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library. The requirement is mostly...

Copyright misuse

Copyright misuse is an equitable defence to copyright infringement in the United States based upon the doctrine of unclean hands. The misuse doctrine provide...

National Portrait Gallery and Wikimedia Foundation copyright dispute

In July 2009, lawyers representing the National Portrait Gallery of London sent an email letter warning of possible legal action for alleged copyright infrin...

Copyright of official texts

Official texts, as defined in Article 2 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, are texts of a legislative, administrative...

Openlaw

Openlaw is a project at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School aimed at releasing case arguments under a copyleft license, in ...

Parliamentary copyright

See Template:Non-free Parliamentary copyright for Wikipedias image licensing tag. Parliamentary copyright was first created in the United Kingdom by the Copy...

Phonorecord

A phonorecord is defined by the United States Copyright Act of 1976 to be a material object that embodies sounds, for example cassette tapes, CDs or albums. ...

Place shifting

Space shifting, also known as place shifting, allows media, such as music or films, which are stored on one device, to be accessed from another place through...

Poor man's copyright

Poor mans copyright is a method of using registered dating by the postal service, a notary public or other highly trusted source to date intellectual propert...

Private copying levy

A private copying levy is a government-mandated scheme in which a special tax or levy is charged on purchases of recordable media. Such taxes are in place in...

Project Harmony (FOSS group)

Project Harmony is an initiative by Canonical Ltd. about contributor agreements for Open Source software. The aim of the Harmony project is to develop templa...

Publication right

Publication right is a type of copyright granted to the publisher who first publishes a previously unpublished work after that works original copyright has e...

Qimron v. Shanks

Qimron v. Shanks, is a landmark ruling by the Israeli Supreme Court. The Court ruled that an Israeli scholar had a copyright on his reconstruction of an impo...

R5 (bootleg)

R5, in the film business, is a DVD of a movie sold in Russia very soon after the first screening in cinema, at reduced wholesale prices. It is made with a te...

Radio music ripping

The term ripping can also apply to radio. New software, techniques and cloud services now makes it possible to extract the songs played on the radio and digi...

Copyright on religious works

In regards to copyright on religious works, it is not always clear who the rightholder is. Under the provisions of the Berne Convention, copyright is granted...

Right to quote

Right to quote or right of quotation or quotation right is one of the copyright exceptions provided by the Berne Convention, article 10: "It shall be permiss...

Righthaven

Righthaven LLC was a copyright enforcement company founded in early 2010. Based in Las Vegas, Nevada; it entered agreements from its partner newspapers after...

Ripping

Ripping is extracting all or parts of digital contents from a container. Originally it meant to rip music out of Amiga games. Later the term was used to extr...

Screener (promotional)

A screener is an advance screening of a film or television series sent to critics, awards voters, video stores, and other film industry professionals, includ...

Semantic Copyright

Semantic Copyright is a technological system that provides semantic information of intellectual property rights of works in digital format, which identifies ...

Software copyright

Software copyright is the application of copyright law to machine-readable software. While many of the legal principles and policy debates concerning softwar...

Sound recording copyright symbol

The sound recording copyright symbol, represented by the graphic symbol ℗, is the copyright symbol used to provide notice of copyright in a sound recording e...

Substantial similarity

Substantial similarity, in US copyright law, is the standard used to determine whether a defendant has infringed the reproduction right of a copyright. The s...

Threshold of originality

The threshold of originality is a concept in copyright law that is used to assess whether a particular work can be copyrighted. It is used to distinguish wor...

Threshold pledge system

The threshold pledge or fund and release system is a way of making a fundraising pledge as a group of individuals, often involving charitable goals or financ...

Time shifting

In broadcasting, time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to after the live broadcasting. Typically, this r...

Trusted Computing

Trusted Computing is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group. The term is taken from the field of trusted systems and has a specia...