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ⓘ River Westbourne. The Westbourne or Kilburn is a mainly re-diverted small River Thames tributary in London, rising in Hampstead and which, notwithstanding one m ..




River Westbourne
                                     

ⓘ River Westbourne

The Westbourne or Kilburn is a mainly re-diverted small River Thames tributary in London, rising in Hampstead and which, notwithstanding one main meander, flows southward through Kilburn and the Bayswater to skirt underneath the east of Hyde Parks Serpentine lake then through central Chelsea under Sloane Square and it passes centrally under the south side of Royal Hospital Chelseas Ranelagh Gardens before historically discharging into the Inner London Tideway. Since the latter 19th century its narrow basin has been further narrowed by corollary surface water drains and its main flow has been replaced with a combined sewer beneath its route.

                                     

1. Names

The river was originally called the Kilburn Cye Bourne – royal stream, Bourne and burn being the Germanic word equivalent to rivulet as in the geographical term winterbourne but has been known, at different times and in different places, as Kelebourne, Kilburn, Bayswater, Bayswater River, Bayswater Rivulet, Serpentine River, The Bourne, Westburn Brook, the Ranelagh River and the Ranelagh Sewer. It is of similar size to the Fleet.

                                     

2. Course

Rising from several sources in Hampstead, the river flows south through Kilburn also the name of the river at that point running west along Kilburn Park Road and then south along Shirland Road. After crossing Bishops Bridge Road, the river continued more or less due south, between what is now Craven Terrace and what is now Gloucester Terrace. At this point, the river was known until the early 19th century as the Bayswater rivulet and from that it gave its name to the area now known as Bayswater. Originally Bayswater was the stretch of the stream where it crosses Bayswater Road, "Bayards Watering" in 1652 and "Bayards Watering Place" in 1654. It is said that there is a reference to Bayards Watering Place as early as 1380. There were a few houses at this spot in the eighteenth century and, it seems, a man called Bayard used or offered it as a watering place for horses on this road formerly Uxbridge Road. The river enters Hyde Park at what is now the Serpentine and is within the park joined by a tributary, Tyburn Brook. The Serpentine was formed in 1730 by building a dam across the Westbourne at the instigation of Queen Caroline, wife of George II, to beautify the royal park. The Westbourne ceased to provide the water for the Serpentine in 1834, as the culverted Westbourne had become the most convenient main sewer and the Serpentine is now supplied from three boreholes from the upper chalk underneath Hyde Park. The Serpentine was widely imitated in parks and gardens nationwide.

The Westbourne left Hyde Park both before and after it had been dammed to form the Serpentine at Knightsbridge which was originally a bridge over the Westbourne itself. It is recorded that, in the year 1141, the citizens of London met Matilda of England Queen Maud at this bridge. The river ran from Knightsbridge south under Bourne Street, SW1 and follows very closely the boundary between the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, joining the River Thames at Chelsea.

The waters of the Westbourne or Bayswater were originally pure and in 1437 and 1439 conduits were laid to carry water from the Westbourne into the City of London, for drinking. In the 19th century, however, the water became filthy and impure by its use as a sewer, and the rise of the water closet as the prevailing form of sanitation.

When Belgravia, Chelsea and Paddington were developed, it became necessary to drive the river Westbourne underground to build over it. The river was therefore directed into pipes in the early part of the 19th century, work which was completed in the 1850s. Since then, the Westbourne has been one of the lost rivers of London, running underground in a pipe.

The pipe can still be seen running above the platform of Sloane Square tube station. It is located just below the ceiling towards the end of the platforms closest to the exits. The pipe is the original one constructed in the 19th century. Although the station was badly bombed during the Battle of Britain in November 1940, the old iron pipe was not damaged.

After flowing beneath the location of the Chelsea Flower Show and beneath a corner of Chelsea Barracks, the river flows into the Thames. Its lower course is, like the Thames, tidal.

A vestige of the river, a wide quay opens into the river Thames about 300 yards 270 m west of Chelsea Bridge. An overflow outfall, from a pipe named the Ranelagh Sewer, can still be seen at low tide, as most of the Westbournes course has been used as a convenient depression in the land to place the local sewerage system, some of which takes surface water to form a combined sewer which links to two intercept sewers, the Middle Level Sewer and the Northern Low Level Sewer in the London sewerage system.

                                     

3. Maps

The finest and most intelligible map of the whole course of the Westbourne, superimposed over the Victorian street plan, is found in an article by J. G. Waller, published in the Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, vol VI 1882 pp 272–279.

Wallers map shows that the stream never ran further west than the easternmost extremity of Westbourne Grove, Notting Hill an east-west road ending at Queensway where the course lay. Westbourne Grove is, as its name suggests, west of the bourne.

                                     
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  • mid - 19th century. It is named after the west bourne, West Bourne, or River Westbourne a Thames tributary which was encased in 19th - century London in the
  • the name River Westbourne This river currently runs underground at Ossington Street. The area is first recorded in 1222 as Westeburn. Westbourne Green is
  • Westbourne Terrace is a street in the Westbourne district of Paddington in London. It runs between Westbourne Bridge in the north and the junction of
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  • part of the Rural Municipality of Westbourne The post office was opened in 1871 as White Mud River and became Westbourne in 1873 located on 25 - 13 - 9W. Population
  • Westbourne is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England. It is located 0.5 miles 0.80 km north east
  • Westbourne is an affluent residential and shopping area of Bournemouth, Dorset. It is located in between Branksome, Poole and the centre of Bournemouth
  • 500 sq mi Other major streams feeding the river include the Big Grass River Pine Creek, Squirrel Creek, Westbourne Drain and Rat Creek. The precise origin
  • stream and tributary of the River Gipping that ran east through the north of the suburb then south alongside Westbourne Road. It was diverted in the


                                     
  • curving shape, although it only has one bend. Originally fed by the River Westbourne and Tyburn Brook in the 1730s, the lake s water was then pumped from
  • Stream The River Westbourne Counter s Creek Stamford Brook River Brent partly underground River Rom partly underground South of the River Thames Earl s
  • tributary of the Westbourne in turn the next Thames tributary west, on the north bank A charter of AD 959 appears to mention the river which it refers
  • structure. Lea Bridge Lower Lea Crossing Knightsbridge across the River Westbourne Stamford Bridge across Counter s Creek Merchant Square Footbridge The
  • London, named after Tyburn stream a river in London. the unrelated Tyburn Brook, a tributary of the River Westbourne the Tyburn Tree, a place of public
  • Serpentine between 1726 and 1731 by damming the eastern outflow of the River Westbourne from Hyde Park. The part of the Serpentine that lies within Kensington
  • the lake was fed by the River Westbourne entering at the Italian Garden at the north - western end of the Long Water. The Westbourne ceased to provide the
  • Elms, South West London The Ranelagh River and Ranelagh Sewer, names at various times for parts of the River Westbourne Ranelagh Gardens, an 18th - century
  • the River Westbourne The name Tyburn, from Teo Bourne means boundary stream but Tyburn Brook should not be confused with the better known River Tyburn
                                     
  • designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and now largely sold off. Queensway and Westbourne Grove are its busiest main streets, both having many international ethnic - cuisine
  • Deptford Creek River Roding River Rom River Shuttle River Thames River Wandle River Westbourne Salmons Brook Stamford Brook Three Mills River Tyburn Brook
  • long leases by the upper echelons of international society. The small River Westbourne ran under the west end of the square. The most lavish use of space
  • been the Westbourne s main showing is now fed by three boreholes instead. It is not to be confused with the much longer Tyburn, Ty Bourne or River Tyburn
  • to Westbourne away from the bombs. The boys stay at a farm, owned by Amy Hobbs Aunty Amy and her granddaughter Polly, and Mary stays at Westbourne Hall
  • designed by Alexander Greek Thomson, is situated on Great Western Road. Westbourne Terrace, designed by Alexander Greek Thomson, is situated on Hyndland
  • Nursery School Cogan Nursery School Bute Cottage Nursery School Little Westbourne Nursery School Albert Primary School All Saints CW Primary School Barry
  • The principal tributaries of the River Thames on the Tideway include the rivers Brent, Wandle, Effra, Westbourne Fleet, Ravensbourne the final part
  • 25 Sexton Street: Nott cottage 11 Westbourne Street: Lanark 15 Westbourne Street: Le Jardin 19, 23 27 Westbourne Street: Front Fence Remnant from Tarong

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