An edict is a decree or announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism, but it can be under any official authority. Synonyms include dictum and pronouncement.
Edict derives from the Latin edictum. In the late 1e of law".


1. Notable edicts
Edictum perpetuum 129, an Imperial revision of the long-standing Praetors Edict, a periodic document which first began under the late Roman Republic c.509–44 BC.
Edicts of Ashoka, by the Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, during his reign from 272 BCE to 231 BCE.
Edict of Nantes 1598, by King Henry IV of France. It granted all of the above listings the French Protestants also known as Huguenots substantial rights in France, a Catholic nation.
Edict on Maximum Prices 301, by Roman Emperor Diocletian. It attempted to reform the Roman system of taxation and to stabilize the coinage.
Edict of Toleration 1839, by King Kamehameha III of Hawaii. It allowed for the establishment of the Catholic Church in Hawaii.
Edict of Worms 1521, by the Diet of Worms, with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V presiding. It declared Martin Luther to be an outlaw and banned the reading or possession of his writings. The edict permitted anyone to kill Luther without legal consequence.
Edict of Toleration 311, by Galerius before his death. This proclamation removed all previous restrictions on the Christian religion, allowing it and all other religions to be practiced throughout the Roman Empire.
Edict of Expulsion 1290, by King Edward I of England. It ordered the expulsion of all Jews from England and the confiscation of their real property.
Sakoku Edict of 1635, the third of a series issued by Tokugawa Iemitsu, shōgun of Japan from 1623 to 1651. The Edict of 1635 is considered a prime example of the Japanese desire for isolationism sakoku. This decree is one of the many acts that were written by Iemitsu to eliminate Catholic influence, and enforced strict government rules and regulations to impose these ideas. The Edict of 1635 was written to the two commissioners of Nagasaki, a port city located in southwestern Japan.
Edict of Milan 313, by Constantine the Great, and Licinius, the Eastern tetrarch. It declared that the Roman Empire would be neutral with regard to religious worship, officially ending all government-sanctioned religious persecution, especially of Christianity.
Edict of Fontainebleau 1685, by Louis XIV of France. It revoked the Edict of Nantes 1598 and ordered the destruction of Huguenot churches.
Hatt-ı Humayun of 1856 Reform Edict of 1856 by Ottoman Sultan Abdulmecid I, promised equality in education, government appointments, and administration of justice to all regardless of creed.
Edict of Saint-Germain 1562, by Catherine de Medici, Queen of France, in January 1562. It was an edict of toleration that recognized the existence of the Protestants and guaranteed freedom of conscience and private worship. It forbade Huguenot worship within towns where conflicts flared up too easily, but permitted Protestant synods and consistories.
Edict of Restitution 1629, by Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II. It attempted to restore the religious and territorial settlement after the Peace of Augsburg 1555. It forbade the secularization of land and property belonging to the Catholic Church.
A French edict by Finance Minister Colbert 17th century was intended to improve the quality of cloth. This law declared that if a merchants cloth was not found to be satisfactory on three separate occasions, then he was to be tied to a post with the cloth attached to him.
Edict of Paris 614, by Clotaire II of Neustria. It tried to establish order by standardising the appointment process for public officials across the realm. It guaranteed the nobility their ancient rights, and in this respect has been seen as a French Magna Carta.
Edict of Pistres 864, by Charles the Bald. It reformed the West Frankish army and laid the foundations for the famous French chivalry of the High Middle Ages. It also ordered the construction of fortified bridgeheads to deal with Viking raiders.