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Consumer network

The notion of consumer networks expresses the idea that peoples embeddedness in social networks affects their behavior as consumers. Interactions within consumer networks such as information exchange and imitation can affect demand and market out ...

                                               

SixWeeks

SixWeeks was a consumer experiment in 2009 in which Paul McCrudden was paid by companies for being their customer. Using his own personal data about the time and money he spent as a consumer during a six-week period, he invoiced over 50 UK and in ...

                                               

Consumer unit (economics)

In economics, a consumer unit is defined as either all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in ...

                                               

User (computing)

A user is a person who utilizes a computer or network service. Users of computer systems and software products generally lack the technical expertise required to fully understand how they work. Power users use advanced features of programs, thoug ...

                                               

Want

The idea of want can be examined from many perspectives. In secular societies want might be considered similar to the emotion desire, which can be studied scientifically through the disciplines of psychology or sociology. Want might also be exami ...

                                               

Economic development

Economic development, as a public sector term, is the process by which the economic well-being and quality of life of a nation, region or local community are improved according to targeted goals and objectives. The term has been used frequently i ...

                                               

Australian settlement

The Australian settlement is a set of nation-building policies adopted in Australia at the beginning of the 20th century. Those policies profoundly influenced the way Australia developed over the coming decades and were only dismantled towards th ...

                                               

Average is Over

Average Is Over: Powering America Beyond the Age of the Great Stagnation is a 2013 book by economist Tyler Cowen laying out his vision for the future trajectory of the global economy. It is a sequel to Cowens 2011 pamphlet The Great Stagnation, w ...

                                               

Banana republic

In political science, the term banana republic describes a politically unstable country with an economy dependent upon the exportation of a limited-resource product, such as bananas or minerals. In 1901, the American author O. Henry coined the te ...

                                               

Brazilian Development Bank

The National Bank for Economic and Social Development is a development bank structured as a federal public company associated with the Ministry of Development, Industry, and Trade of Brazil. The stated goal is to provide long-term financing for e ...

                                               

Community economic development

Community economic development is a field of study that actively elicits community involvement when working with government, and private sectors to build strong communities, industries, and markets. Community economic development encourages using ...

                                               

Developing country

A developing country, less developed country, less economically developed country, or underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index relative to other countries. However, this definiti ...

                                               

Data culture

Data culture is the principle established in the process of social practice in both public and private sectors which requires all staffs and decision-makers to focus on the information conveyed by the existing data, and make decisions and changes ...

                                               

Economic catalyst

An economic catalyst is an entrepreneur or company that precipitates a fundamental change in business or technology. A more precise definition of a catalyst is based on the new economics of multi-sided platforms. In this literature an "economic c ...

                                               

Economic development incentive

An economic development incentive can be strictly defined as" cash or near-cash assistance provided on a discretionary basis to attract or retain business operations. In practice, however, it is a broadly used term denoting an array of benefits d ...

                                               

Economic development organization

An economic development organization is an organization dedicated to the economic development of a region, be it a subnational area such as a town, city, county, province, or state; a whole nation; or transnational regions unified through economi ...

                                               

Economic reconstruction

Economic reconstruction refers to a process for creating a proactive vision of economic change. The most basic idea is that problems in the economy such as deindustrialization, environmental decay, outsourcing, industrial incompetence, poverty an ...

                                               

Economic spin-off

The term economic spin-off is widely used in popular media to describe the potential secondary economic effects of project or development. This may reflect a real phenomenon, especially when used looking back into the past, where the results are ...

                                               

Economic transformation

In economics, economic transformation refers to the continuous process of moving labour and other resources from lower- to higher-productivity sectors and raising within-sector productivity growth. As such, economic transformation emphasises the ...

                                               

Development ethics

Development ethics is a field of enquiry that reflects on both the ends and the means of economic development. It typically takes a normative stance, asking and answering questions about the nature of ethically desirable development and what ethi ...

                                               

Gender and development

Gender and development is an interdisciplinary field of research and applied study that implements a feminist approach to understanding and addressing the disparate impact that economic development and globalization have on people based upon thei ...

                                               

Economic growth

Economic growth can be defined as the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or rea ...

                                               

Human rights and development

Global human rights and development Human rights and development aims converge in many instances and are beneficial only to the government and not the people although there can be conflict between their different approaches. Today, a human rights ...

                                               

Inclusive business

An inclusive business is a sustainable business that benefits low-income communities. It is a business initiative that, keeping its for-profit nature, contributes to poverty reduction through the inclusion of low income communities in its value c ...

                                               

Indigenous development

Indigenous Development refers to a variety of coordinated efforts, usually by first world organizations, to support progress in modernizing or bettering life for specific third world and fourth world populations. Indigenous Development is general ...

                                               

Industrialisation

Industrialisation is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society. This involves an extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing. As industr ...

                                               

Information-led development

Information-led development is a development strategy whereby a developing country makes as a primary economic policy focus the creation and development of a national information technology sector with the express aim of relying on this sector as ...

                                               

Infrastructure and economics

An interesting comparison between privatisation versus government-sponsored public works involves high-speed rail HSR projects in East Asia. In 1998, the Taiwan government awarded the Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation, a private organisation, to ...

                                               

Infrastructure debt

Infrastructure debt is the fixed income component of infrastructure assets. It provides yield enhancements, especially those dealing with capital preservation. It is a complex investment category reserved for sophisticated institutional investors ...

                                               

Internal colonialism

Internal colonialism is the uneven effects of economic development on a regional basis, otherwise known as "uneven development" as a result of the exploitation of minority groups within a wider society and leading to political and economic inequa ...

                                               

Law and development

Law and development is an interdisciplinary study of law and economic and social development. It examines the relation between law and development and analyzes how to use law as an instrument to promote economic and social development. In the 196 ...

                                               

Least Developed Countries

The Least Developed Countries is a list of developing countries that, according to the United Nations, exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. The ...

                                               

M4P

The term M4P, now more commonly known as Market Systems Development, refers to an approach in aid and development known as Making Markets Work for the Poor. It seeks to change the way that markets work, so that poor people are included in the ben ...

                                               

Marginal budgeting for bottlenecks

The marginal budgeting for bottlenecks tool is an analytical costing and budgeting tool that helps countries develop their health plans by taking into account the most effective interventions, cost and budget marginal allocations of their impleme ...

                                               

Meso finance

Meso-finance is a relatively new concept in the financing world. Meso-finance loans start from an amount of 1000 euro and are specifically meant for small-and medium-sized enterprises. SMEs that are in need of extra capital are often too large fo ...

                                               

Micro-retailing

Micro-retailing, or microretailing, has two distinct meanings. The first describes how some businesses are moving from having giant superstores to smaller, demographically targeted stores that focus on a small selection of popular products. The s ...

                                               

Microfinance

Microfinance is a category of financial services targeting individuals and small businesses who lack access to conventional banking and related services. Microfinance includes microcredit, the provision of small loans to poor clients; savings and ...

                                               

Nation branding

Nation branding aims to measure, build and manage the reputation of countries. In the book Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices, the authors define nation branding as" the application of corporate marketing concepts and techni ...

                                               

National development bank

A national development bank is a development bank created by a countrys government that provides financing for the purposes of economic development of the country.

                                               

Neglected and underutilized crop

Neglected and underused crops are domesticated plant species that have been used for centuries or more for their food, fibre, fodder, oil or medicinal properties, but have been reduced in importance over time. A wide range of terminology is used ...

                                               

Official development assistance

Official development assistance is a term coined by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development to measure aid. The DAC first used the term in 1969. It is widely used as an indicator of inter ...

                                               

Smart city

A Smart city is an urban area that uses different types of electronic Internet of Things sensors to collect data and then use insights gained from that data to manage assets, resources and services efficiently. This includes data collected from c ...

                                               

Social business

Social business was defined by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Professor Muhammad Yunus and is described in his books. In these books, Yunus defined a social business as a business: Created and designed to address a social problem A non-loss, non-divi ...

                                               

Socioeconomic development and the Baha'i Faith

Since its inception the Bahai Faith has had involvement in socioeconomic development beginning by giving greater freedom to women, promulgating the promotion of female education as a priority concern, and that involvement was given practical expr ...

                                               

Socioeconomic impact of female education

The socioeconomic impact of female education constitutes a significant area of research within international development. Increases in the amount of female education in regions tends to correlate with high levels of development. Some of the effec ...

                                               

Staples thesis

In economic development, the staples thesis is a theory of export-led growth based on Canadian experience. The theory "has its origins in research into Canadian social, political, and economic history carried out in Canadian universities.by membe ...

                                               

Stock exchanges of small economies

A Stock exchange is a corporation or mutual organization which provides facilities for stockbrokers and traders to trade stocks and other securities. It may be a physical trading room where the traders gather, or a formalised communications netwo ...

                                               

Sweatshop

Sweatshop is a term for a workplace with very poor, socially unacceptable or illegal working conditions. The work may be difficult, dangerous, climatically challenging or underpaid. Workers in sweatshops may work long hours with low pay, regardle ...

                                               

Technology governance

Technology governance means the governance, i.e., the steering between the different sectors - state, business, and NGOs - of the development of technology. The concept is based on the notion of innovation and of techno-economic paradigm shifts a ...

                                               

Third World

During the Cold War, the term Third World referred to the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, the nations not aligned with either the First World or the Second World. The three-world model arose during the Cold War to define ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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