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GAZ-66

The GAZ-66 is a Soviet and later Russian 4x4 all-road military truck produced by GAZ. It was one of the main cargo vehicles for motorized infantry of the Soviet Army and is still employed in former Soviet Union countries. It is nicknamed shishiga ...

                                               

GAZ-53

The GAZ-53 is a 3.5 tonne 4x2 truck produced by GAZ between 1961 and 1993. Introduced first as GAZ-53F, it was joined by the virtually identical 2.5-ton GAZ-52 in 1962, which was produced until 1989. The GAZ-52 and GAZ-53 trucks are distinguished ...

                                               

GAZ-51

The GAZ-51 was a Soviet truck manufactured by GAZ. Its first prototypes were produced before the end of World War II, and mass production started in 1946. A 2.5 ton 4×2 standard variant was joined in 1947 by almost identical 2 ton 4×4 GAZ-63. Bot ...

                                               

GAZ Vodnik

GAZ Vodnik is a Russian high-mobility multipurpose military vehicle manufactured by GAZ. It is a "heavy modification" of the civil GAZ-2330 "Tigr". Its name comes from the Russian "водник" – a person employed in water transport, but is also used ...

                                               

GAZ–MM

The GAZ–MM is a truck with a maximum usable weight of 1.5 tons and was produced at the end of the 1930s and at the first part of the 1940s by GAZ in the Soviet Union. It is a simplified version of Ford Model AA’s Soviet licence version. At the be ...

                                               

GAZ-M20 Pobeda

The GAZ-M20 Pobeda was a passenger car produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ from 1946 until 1958. It was also licensed to Polish Passenger Automobile Factory, as FSO Warszawa. Although usually known as the GAZ-M20, an original cars designation at ...

                                               

GAZ-13

The GAZ-13 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1959 to 1981 as a generation of its Chaika marque.

                                               

GAZ-14

The GAZ-14 is an automobile manufactured by the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod from 1977 to 1988 as a generation of its Chaika marque.

                                               

GAZ-63

The GAZ-63 is a Russian 4x4 2 ton truck produced from 1948 to 1968 at the Gorky Automobile Plant. It was a development of the earlier GAZ-51 truck and is very similar in appearance. The GAZ-63 was in turn used as the basis for the BTR-40 armoured ...

                                               

GAZ-64

The GAZ-64 was a 4x4 vehicle made by GAZ, succeeding the earlier GAZ-61. Its design was led by Vitaliy Grachev. The design process was exceptionally quick, taking only a few weeks. Over 90.000 were produced in total, but the majority of the warti ...

                                               

GAZ-61

The GAZ-61 was a four wheel drive car from USSR manufacturer GAZ first introduced in 1938 by designer V. A. Gratchev, to replace his too-complex model GAZ-M2.

                                               

KSP-76

The KSP-76 was a Soviet wheeled assault gun that began development in 1943. It mounted a 76 mm divisional gun M1942 gun on a lightweight chassis in an attempt to provide support for scout and airborne units. The light chassis proved unable to wit ...

                                               

GAZ-2332 CityVan

The GAZ-2332 / GAZ CityVan was a light van developed by the Russian automaker GAZ and presented as a prototype at an apparently advanced stage of development in 2006. The van was shown with seating for two and a load area capable of carrying betw ...

                                               

AvtoVAZ

AvtoVAZ, formerly known as VAZ, is a Russian automobile manufacturer. It is best known for its flagship series of Lada vehicles. In the Soviet Union, its products used various names, including Zhiguli, Oka, and Sputnik which were phased out in th ...

                                               

Lada Samara

The VAZ-2108, known as the Lada Samara in much of Western Europe, was a series of small family cars produced by Soviet/Russian vehicle manufacturer AvtoVAZ under the Lada brand between 1984 and 2013. The model name Samara originally was used only ...

                                               

Oka (automobile)

The Lada Оkа) is a city car designed in the Soviet Union in the later part of the seventies by AvtoVAZ. It entered production in 1988 powered by a 650 cc SOHC two-cylinder engine. While developed at AutoVAZ by a team led by Yuri Kuteev, no produc ...

                                               

VAZ-2106

The VAZ-2106 Zhiguli was a sedan produced by the Soviet automaker VAZ, and later, after the breakup of the Soviet Union, also by Russian Izhevsk Avto and Ukrainian Anto-Rus. In export markets, it was known simply as Lada 1600 or alternatively as ...

                                               

VAZ-2101

The VAZ-2101 "Zhiguli", commonly nicknamed "Kopeyka", is a compact sedan car produced by the Soviet manufacturer AvtoVAZ and introduced in 1970, the companys first product. The car was a heavily modified and licence-built version of the Fiat 124 ...

                                               

Lada Riva

The VAZ-2105, VAZ-2104 and VAZ-2107 are a series of compact cars of Zhiguli brand built by Russian car manufacturer AvtoVAZ, introduced in 1980 in the Soviet Union, and progressively in other European markets through the early 1980s and sold in s ...

                                               

VAZ-2103

The VAZ-2103 Zhiguli is a deluxe compact sedan car, produced by VAZ, introduced in 1972 and produced until 1984. Better known by its famous export name Lada 1500 outside of its native Soviet union and popularly nicknamed Тройка in domestic market ...

                                               

Lada Nadezhda

The Lada Nadezhda or VAZ-2120 "Nadezhda" is a seven-person four-wheel-drive minivan, produced by the Russian automaker AvtoVAZ in 1998-2006. The VAZ-2120 was the first minivan produced by the Russian auto industry and was based on the VAZ-2131 Ni ...

                                               

VAZ-1151

VAZ-1151 or Гном is a city car concept from the Russian car company AvtoVAZ from 1990. Head designer was Petr Prusov. The car was very compact. Despite a length of 2.65 meters slightly shorter than a Smart Fortwo at 2.69 meters it was a four-seat ...

                                               

ZiL

OJSC AMO ZiL, known fully as the Public Joint-Stock Company – Likhachov Plant and more commonly called ZiL, was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer that was based in Moscow, Russia. The last ZiL v ...

                                               

ZIL-131

The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL. The basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a tractor-trailer truck, a dump truck, a fuel truck, and a 6x6 for towing a 4-wheeled powe ...

                                               

ZIL-130

The ZiL-130 is a Soviet/Russian truck produced by ZiL in Moscow, Russia. The first prototype was built in 1956. Production began in 1962, while mass production started in 1964. It was one of the most numerous cargo trucks in the USSR and Russia, ...

                                               

ZIL-4104

The ZIL-4104 was a limousine built by ZiL from the late 1970s to the early 1980s, when it served as the transport of the elite of the Soviet Union. It is estimated that no more than fifty cars were produced each year. Originally designated ZiL-11 ...

                                               

ZIL-135

The ZIL-135 is a large, eight-wheeled military transport and self-propelled artillery truck produced in the Cold War by the Soviet Union starting in 1959. Its purpose was to carry and launch an artillery missile, specifically a FROG-7, from surfa ...

                                               

ZIL-157

The ZIL-157 was the standard truck used by the army until it was replaced by the ZIL-131 and Ural-375 series that became the standard Soviet army trucks alongside the GAZ-66. The Peoples Liberation Army also operated the CA-30, a copy of the ZIL-157.

                                               

ZiL-158

The ZiL-158, ZiL-158V / LiAZ-158 is a city bus produced by the Likhachev Plant and Likinsky Bus Plant. ZIL-158 was the main bus model of city bus fleets of the Soviet Union in the 1960s and early 1970s. More than 62.350 were assembled. The assemb ...

                                               

ZIL-41047

The ZIL-41047 is a limousine built by ZIL of Russia. Production of ZIL models ceased in 2002 due to their previous customer base turning to more modern Western vehicles. Some last ones were built before year 2017.

                                               

ZIL-114

The ZIL-114 is a limousine from the Soviet car manufacturer ZIL introduced in 1970 to replace the ZIL-111 series which was gradually becoming out of date. In almost all respects, the ZIL-114 improved on the 111, 111A and 111G models. The engine, ...

                                               

ZIL-111

The ZiL-111 was a limousine produced by the Soviet car manufacturer ZiL in 1958–1967. It was the first post-war limousine designed in the Soviet Union. After tests with the shortlived prototype ZIL-Moscow in 1956, which gained a place in the Guin ...

                                               

ZIS-150

The ZIS-150 was a Soviet truck. In 1947 it replaced the ZiS-5 truck on assembly line. ZIS-150 together with GAZ-51 was the main Soviet truck of the 1950s, judging by their quantity. A tractor-trailer version of the ZIS-150, the ZIS-120N was sold ...

                                               

ZIL-117

The ZIL-117 is a luxury sedan built by ZiL in USSR and first presented at the Autoprom in 1977. Debuting in 1971, it was derived from the earlier ZIL-114. Design of the ZiL 117 began in 1968, with the first prototype running in 1969. The ZIL-117 ...

                                               

ZIL-2906

The vehicle was designed to recover re-entered Soyuz space capsules from difficult terrain. It was carried on the back of a ZIL-4906 which had a top speed of 80 kilometres per hour 50 mph) until it reached terrain impassable for the latter. At th ...

                                               

ZIL-112 Sports

The ZIL-112 Sports was a Soviet sports car made by ZiL car manufacturer in 1961 and competed in races from 1961 to 1969. Two cars were built. The 112S initiated a number of firsts for cars produced in the USSR such as controlled slip differential ...

                                               

ZIL-4112R

The vehicle was dubbed "Limo Number One" and was specifically designed and built for the President of Russia as head of state and took six years to complete. The ZIL-4112R has six doors and a 7.7 litre 470 ci engine and includes calf-leather upho ...

                                               

ZIL-E-167

The ZIL-E-167 is an off-road truck designed in the beginning of the 1960s to withstand difficult conditions in Siberia, Urals and far east and northern territories of the Soviet Union. It could cross water and control its tire pressure, and was e ...

                                               

Moskvitch

Moskvitch was a Soviet/Russian automobile brand produced by AZLK from 1946 to 1991 and by OAO Moskvitch from 1991 to 2001. The current article incorporates information about both the brand and the joint-stock successor of AZLK for the sake of sim ...

                                               

Moskvitch 412

The Moskvitch 412 is a small family car produced by Soviet/Russian manufacturer MZMA/AZLK in Moscow from 1967 to 1975, and by IZh in Izhevsk from 1967 to 1982. It was a more powerful and prestigious version of the M-408 model, offering more featu ...

                                               

Moskvitch 400-420

In 1940 and 1941 500 units of the KIM 10-50, the first Soviet compact car, were produced. It was inspired by the similar-sized four-door Ford Prefect and, despite its low price, equipped with such features as a mechanical clock and indicators of ...

                                               

Moskvitch 402

The Moskvitch 402 is a compact car manufactured by the former Soviet automobile maker MZMA, first time introduced in 1956 as a second generation of the Moskvitch series. In comparison with its predecessor, the Moskvitch-401, the M-402 model featu ...

                                               

Moskvitch 408

The Moskvitch-408 series is a small family car produced by the Soviet car manufacturer MZMA/AZLK between 1964 and 1975. The first prototype was made in 1960. The M-408, the first of the series, replaced the second generation Moskvitch 407 as the ...

                                               

Moskvitch 2140

Moskvitch 2140 series is small family car produced by Soviet automotive maker AZLK from January 1976 to 1988. It started first as Moskvitch 2138 and Moskvitch 2140 on a modified 412 platform. Pre-production models were shown during 1975. Starting ...

                                               

Aleko

The Moskvitch-2141, also known under the trade name Aleko, is a Russian mid-size car that was first announced in 1985 and sold in the Soviet Union and its successor states between 1986 and 1997 by the now defunct Moskvitch Company, based in Mosco ...

                                               

Moskvitch 2142

The Moskvitch 2142 is a line of cars produced by AZLKs Moskvitch division from 1998 to its bankruptcy in 2002. It was the last and most advanced line of Moskvitch vehicles, marking the end of the fifth generation. Only 3500 vehicles were produced ...

                                               

Moskvitch 410

The Moskvitch 410 was an experimentally designed limited production car made by Soviet manufacturer MZMA from 1957 to 1961. Initially conceived as an economical and comfortable means of transport for agricultural machines repairing teams, the 410 ...

                                               

UAZ

UAZ is an automobile manufacturer based in Ulyanovsk, Russia, which manufactures off-road vehicles, buses and trucks. It has been part of the Sollers automotive group since 2000. UAZ is best known for the UAZ-469 utility vehicle, which has seen w ...

                                               

TREKOL

TREKOL is a Moscow, Russia based designer and manufacturer of large all terrain amphibious vehicles/swamp buggies. Trekol is an abbreviation for "ТРанспорт ЭКОЛогический" or Transport Environmentally. TREKOL is a Limited liability company).

                                               

TREKOL-39294

The TREKOL-39294 is a Russian six-wheeled amphibious all-terrain vehicle produced by TREKOL. The 39294 is available in two versions: passenger and freight and it uses large low-pressure tires. TREKOL manufactures the 39294 using UAZ and GAZ parts ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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