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January 21

1968 – A B-52 bomber crashes near Thule Air Base, contaminating the area after its nuclear payload ruptures. One of the four bombs remains unaccounted for after the cleanup operation is complete. 2017 – Over 400 cities across America and 160+ cou ...

                                               

January 22

1555 – The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now Myanmar. 1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood. 1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaires national radio statio ...

                                               

January 25

1937 – The Guiding Light debuts on NBC radio from Chicago. In 1952 it moves to CBS television, where it remains until September 18, 2009. 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics opens in Chamonix, in the French Alps, inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games ...

                                               

January 27

1996 – In a military coup, Colonel Ibrahim Bare Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane. 1302 – Dante Alighieri is exiled from Florence. 1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning. 1776 – A ...

                                               

January 30

1945 – World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: One hundred twenty-six American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied prisoners from the Japanese-controlled Cabanatuan POW camp. 2013 – Naro-1 becomes the first carrier rocket ...

                                               

January 10

1920 – League of Nations Covenant enters into force. On January 16 the organization holds its first council meeting, in Paris. 1946 – The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented. 1901 – The ...

                                               

January 11

1996 – Space Shuttle program: STS-72 launches from the Kennedy Space Center marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour. 1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins. 1569 – First recorded lottery in England. 1943 – T ...

                                               

January 12

1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London. 1991 – Persian Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of American military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait. 1921 – Acting to restore confidence in baseball after the B ...

                                               

January 13

1842 – Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4.500 men and 12.000 camp followers when he reaches the safety of a ...

                                               

January 14

January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 351 days remain until the end of the year. In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as N ...

                                               

January 16

1969 – Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a space walk. 18 ...

                                               

January 17

1918 – Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles take place between the Red Guards and the White Guard. 1917 – The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands. 2002 – Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the ...

                                               

January 18

1960 – Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes into a farm in Charles City County, Virginia, killing all 50 aboard, the third fatal Capital Airlines crash in as many years. 1945 – World War II: Liberation of Krakow, Poland by the Red Army. 2007 – The ...

                                               

January 19

1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union ACLU is founded. 1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals. 1941 – World War II: HMS Greyhound and other esco ...

                                               

January 2

1975 – The Federal Rules of Evidence are approved by the United States Congress. 1955 – Following the assassination of the Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon Cantera, his deputy, Jose Ramon Guizado, takes power, but is quickly deposed after ...

                                               

January 20

January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 345 days remain until the end of the year 346 in leap years. In ancient astrology, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.

                                               

January 23

1909 – RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic s ...

                                               

January 24

914 – Start of the First Fatimid invasion of Egypt. 1946 – The United Nations General Assembly passes its first resolution to establish the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission. 1835 – Slaves in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil, stage a revolt, which ...

                                               

January 26

1961 – John F. Kennedy appoints Janet G. Travell to be the first woman Physician to the President. 1870 – Reconstruction Era: Virginia rejoins the Union. 1531 – The 6.4–7.1 M w Lisbon earthquake kills about thirty thousand people. 1838 – Tennesse ...

                                               

January 28

1988 – In R v Morgentaler the Supreme Court of Canada strikes down all anti-abortion laws. 1813 – Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom. 1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf C ...

                                               

January 29

1814 – War of the Sixth Coalition: France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne. 2009 – The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt rules that people who do not adhere to one of the three government-recognised religions, while not all ...

                                               

January 3

January 3 is the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 362 days remain until the end of the year. Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

                                               

January 31

1897 – Czechoslav Trade Union Association is founded in Prague. 1917 – World War I: Germany announces that its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare after a two-year hiatus. 2000 – Alaska Airlines Flight 261 crash: An MD-83, experien ...

                                               

January 4

1958 – Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite, launched by the Soviet Union in 1957, falls to Earth from orbit. 1878 – Russo-Turkish War 1877–78: Sofia is liberated from Ottoman rule and designated the capital of Liberated Bulgaria. 1884 ...

                                               

January 5

1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84.700 tons of crude oil. 1919 – The German Workers Party, which would become the Nazi Party, is founded in Munich. 1945 – The Soviet Union recognizes the ...

                                               

January 6

1781 – In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey in the Channel Islands. 1492 – The Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella enter Granada at the conclusion of the Granada War. 1912 – New Mexico is ad ...

                                               

January 7

1945 – World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge. 1973 – Mark Essex fatally shoots ten people and wounds 13 others at Howard Johnsons Hotel in New Or ...

                                               

January 8

2011 – The attempted assassination of Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona, in which five people were shot dead. 1945 – World War II: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Common ...

                                               

January 9

1991 – Representatives from the United States and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. 1839 – The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process ...

                                               

Event (philosophy)

Jaegwon Kim theorized that events are structured. They are composed of three things: Objects he basic generic events may be best picked out relative to a scientific theory, whether the theory is a common-sense theory of the behavior of middle-siz ...

                                               

9/11 conspiracy theories

There are many conspiracy theories that attribute the planning and execution of the September 11 attacks against the United States to parties other than, or in addition to, al-Qaeda, including that there was advance knowledge of the attacks among ...

                                               

The Barricades

The Barricades were a series of confrontations between the Republic of Latvia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in January 1991 which took place mainly in Riga. The events are named for the popular effort of building and protecting barr ...

                                               

Cinematography

Cinematography is the art of motion-picture photography and filming either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock. Cinematographers use a lens to focus reflected light f ...

                                               

Cinema

Film or movie, a series of still images that create the illusion of a moving image Filmmaking, the process of making a film Film industry, the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking Cinematography, the science or art of motion-pi ...

                                               

Cinema of Australia

The Cinema of Australia had its beginnings with the 1906 production of The Story of the Kelly Gang, the earliest feature film ever made. Since then, Australian crews have produced many films, a number of which have received international recognit ...

                                               

Cinema of Austria

Cinema of Austria refers to the film industry based in Austria. Austria has had an active cinema industry since the early 20th century when it was the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and that has continued to the present day. Producer Sascha Kolowrat-Kr ...

                                               

Cinema of Asia

Asian cinema refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Asia, and is also sometimes known as Eastern cinema. More commonly, however, it is most often used to refer to the cinema of Eastern, Southeastern and Southern Asia ...

                                               

Cinema of Albania

The Cinema of Albania refers to the film industry based in Albania and comprises the art of films and movies made within the country or by Albanian directors abroad. Albania has had an active cinema industry since 1897 and began strong activities ...

                                               

Cinema of Algeria

During the era of French colonization, movies were predominantly a propaganda tool for the French colonial state. Although filmed in Algeria and viewed by the local population, the vast majority of "Algerian" cinema in this era was created by Eur ...

                                               

Cinema of Argentina

Cinema of Argentina refers to the film industry based in Argentina. The Argentine cinema comprises the art of film and creative movies made within the nation of Argentina or by Argentine filmmakers abroad. The Argentine film industry has historic ...

                                               

Cinema of Armenia

The cinema of Armenia was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by government decree. The first Armenian film with Armenian subject called "Haykakan Sinema" was produced in 1912 in Cairo by Armenian-E ...

                                               

Cinema of Africa

African cinema is film production in Africa. It dates back to the early 20th century, when film reels were the primary cinematic technology in use. During the colonial era, African life was shown only by the work of white, colonial, Western filmm ...

                                               

Cinema of Bahrain

The cinema of Bahrain is small as its lacks support from the government and the private sector. There are many short films produced by individual filmmakers, and about five feature films in Bahrains history. There are a number of theaters in Bahr ...

                                               

Cinema of Belarus

The Cinema of Belarus began on 17 December 1924 with the creation by decree of what later became Belarusfilm studio. The studio was moved to Minsk in 1939. Film production was interrupted by World War II, and restarted in 1946, when the studio as ...

                                               

Cinema of Belgium

Cinema of Belgium refers to the film industry based in Belgium. Belgium is essentially a bi-lingual country divided into the Flemish north and the French-speaking south. There is also a small community of German speakers in the border region with ...

                                               

Cinema of Bulgaria

Bulgarian cinema is known for pioneering in world-wide animated films, such as the works of Donyo Donev. The start of Bulgarian cinematography is often marked by Vasil Gendovs film Bulgarian is a Gallant. From 1915 to 1948, 55 new films were prod ...

                                               

List of Bosnia and Herzegovina films

Because Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of Yugoslavia prior to its independence in 1992, all movies produced there were Yugoslavian movies. After the war, Bosnian cinema became the most awarded in the region. Some of the internationally acclaimed ...

                                               

Cinema of Brazil

Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment. The film industry of Brazil has gone through periods of ups and downs, a reflection of its dependency on state ...

                                               

Cinema of Burkina Faso

The cinema of Burkina Faso is one of the more significant in Africa, with a history that spans several decades and includes the production of many award-winning films.

                                               

Cinema of Bhutan

The cinema of Bhutan is a small but emerging industry, having started in the mid-1990s. It has since been supported by government officials and different businesses. Bhutans film industry is highly influenced by neighboring Indias Bollywood, with ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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